How the area changed from 1787-1790 and how it impacted for the eora people

In 1788 they arrived on the 20th of January. They realised when they got there that the bay was poorly sheltered and the water was shallow ,but it had a good supply of water, though it was difficult to graze the cattle and grow plants and food because the soil was bad quality . Sydney Cove had lots of tall beautiful trees and various birds living in them though when the settlers came and chopped all the trees down the birds living in them flew away. On Wednesday the 6th of February the female prisoners were taken of their ships over the next few days they searched for a better place to stay and when they were searching they made contact with the first Aboriginal. The Aboriginal said to them to go Warra [witch meant to go away].
Later on the Aboriginals were surprised to see two European ships enter the land the French had arrived. The Europeans knew they had to call the land something and then they came up with the name Sydney Cove. When they knew that it was the right spot the captain said anchor deep because where staying here. When the Aboriginals knew they were staying the Aboriginals wanted to attack because they found the land first.

By Eva
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How the area changed from 1788 to 1790 and how it impacted on the Eora people


In 1788 there was lots of trees here are some of the types of trees there was She-Oak, Yellow gum, Red gum, Grey gum, Acacia decurrens, Acacia parramattensis, Acacia floribunda, Acacia prominens, Allocasuarina littoralis, Allocasuarina torulosa, Angophora hispida, Archirmyrtus beckleri, Archontophoenix cunninhamiana, Backhousia myrtfolia, Banksia integrifolia, Bankisa serrata, Brachychiton acerifolius, Callistemon salignus, Callitris romboidea, callitris Muelleri etc. the Eora thought the settlers were just visiting but over time the Eora realised they were going to stay. The settlers took over the land and built houses, took the fish from the lakes (which the Eora thought was stealing), cut down the Eora’s trees (which the Eora needed to build their huts, and the trees were needed also for shelter.) the settlers made more people from all over the world want to come and live in Australia. Lots of the Eora died from food, wars or diseases. There was still some Eora but not as much as when the settlers hadn’t arrived in Sydney Cove and taken over. I made my diorama's out of boxs, and I put lots of twigs in my first diorama which are trees. then I put a boat heading to Sydney Cove on the edge of my lid. In diorama two I have a few houses and a person in the corner of the box. I got the person from the enternet. I also put some leaves in front of a house, and they are the crops that the people who settled in Australia grew to eat the food they grew.


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By Lauren


SYDNEY COVE BEFORE 1788.

The seas were shallow; there was lots of rocks surrounding the land; the water was very dirty; the shore was low lying and marshy; the bay was very open and not safe; the bay was surrounded by sandy scrub; most of the shore was lined with mangroves; lots of swamps and dry scrub; the soil was too sandy to grow crops or to make bricks for houses; there were over 40 kinds of trees; high hills; the Island was rocky.

THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY

Farms were set up on the most fertile land and around best fishing spots; their were houses being built; there were convicts walking around in chains and there were people starting crops.

THE IMPACT OF SETTLEMENT ON THE EORA PEOPLE

"The Eora People" was the name given to coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Eora means "from this place" - local Aboriginal people used this word to describe to Europeans where they came from, and over time this became the term used to define Aboriginal people.

The Eora people are the traditional inhabitants of the area "Sydney Cove". They had lived in the area of Sydney Cove for at least 50 000 years before Europeans arrived. The Aboriginal people treated the Europeans as visitors but were a little hostile and before long realised these "visitors" were here to stay. The arrival of the First Fleet created a confrontation between two societies with very different ways of living. The Aboriginal people had developed very efficient methods of managing the land and natural resources. The Europeans thought their culture was superior and they regarded the Aboriginals as 'poor creatures' who were at a primitive stage of human evolution.

Some of the reasons why the Aboriginal numbers decreased, was because of disease, being shot and also because their land was destroyed and therefore their food supply.


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By Gabriella